Shoulder Impingement Surgery
Omaha Orthopedic Animation by Dr. Darren Keiser MD
Introduction to Shoulder Impingement
One of the most common physical complaints is shoulder pain. Your shoulder is made up of several joints combined with tendons and muscles that allow a great range of motion in your arm. Because so many different structures make up the shoulder, it is vulnerable to many different problems. The rotator cuff is a frequent source of pain in the shoulder.
Description of Shoulder Impingement
The rotator cuff is a common source of pain in the shoulder.
Pain can be the result of:
> Tendinitis. The rotator cuff tendons can be irritated or damaged.
> Bursitis. The bursa can become inflamed and swell with more fluid causing pain.
> Impingement. When you raise your arm to shoulder height, the space between the acromion and rotator cuff narrows. The acromion can rub against (or “impinge” on) the tendon and the bursa, causing irritation and pain.
Causes for Shoulder Impingement
Rotator cuff pain is common in both young athletes and middle-aged people. Young athletes who use their arms overhead for swimming, baseball, and tennis are particularly vulnerable. Those who do repetitive lifting or overhead activities using the arm, such as paper hanging, construction, or painting are also susceptible.
Pain may also develop as the result of a minor injury. Sometimes, it occurs with no apparent cause.